Description of The Risk Level of Heart Disease to The Ratio of LDL/HDL Patients at Rsud Dr. Adjidarmo
The increased risk of stroke is associated with high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and a high ratio of LDL and HDL cholesterol, and will be amplified if other stroke risk factors are present. The purpose of this study was to determine the ratio of LDL and HDL cholesterol in patients at RSUD Dr. Adjidarmo. The research design is descriptive research. With a total population of 150 people, a sample of 20% of the population, namely 30 people, was taken. The data collection technique in this study was primary data, namely through the medical records of heart patients who had received outpatient care at the Cardiac and Vascular Polyclinic at RSUD Dr. Adjidarmo Rangkasbitung. The data analysis technique was performed by entering data into tables and calculating the ratio between LDL and HDL for the group of patients at risk of heart disease based on the ratio obtained. The results of the study of the 30 respondents who were examined gave an overview of the results of the examination, with low risk LDL/HDL ratio values (low risk) of 21 people (70%); the average risk LDL/HDL ratio was 5 people (16.67%); the moderate risk LDL/HDL ratio was 1 person (3.3%); and the high risk LDL/HDL ratio was 3 people (10%). Patients who have a risk of developing coronary heart disease are 16 men (53.3%) and 14 women (46.7%). The average age of patients with coronary heart disease is over 50 in men and over 39 in women.
Adam, M. F., Hutahaean, Y. O., & Siagian, L. R. D. (2020). Gambaran Profil Lipid Dan Rasio Lipid Pada Pasien Stroke Iskemik Berulang Di Rsud Abdul Wahab Sjahranie Samarinda. Jurnal Kedokteran Mulawarman, 7(2), 1. https://doi.org/10.30872/j.ked.mulawarman.v7i2.4293
Agusti, N. I. (2014). Pasien Stroke Di Bagian Saraf Rsud Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau Periode Januari Sampai Desember 2012. Jom Fk, 1(2), 1–15.
Asmara, R. (2013). Hubungan Rasio LDL-HDL Dengan Plak Hubungan Rasio LDL-HDL Dengan Plak.
Balitbangkes RI. (2018). Laporan Riskesdas 2018 Nasional. In Lembaga Penerbit Balitbangkes.
Bina Program dan Rekam Medik. (2020). RSUD Dr. Adjidarmo Rangkasbitung: Rekapitulasi Pencatatan Penyakit di RSUD Dr. Adjidarmo Rangkasbitung.
Dhungana, S. P., Mahato, A. K., Ghimire, R., & Shreewastav, R. K. (2020). Prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients with acute coronary syndrome admitted at tertiary care hospital in Nepal: A descriptive cross-sectional study. Journal of the Nepal Medical Association, 58(224), 204–208. https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.4765
Jellinger, P. S., et al. (2017). American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology Guidelines for Management of Dyslipidemia and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease. Endocrine Practice: Official Journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, 23(April), 1–87. https://doi.org/10.4158/EP171764.APPGL
Lou, Y., et al. (2020). LDL-cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol ratio discordance with lipid parameters and carotid intima-media thickness: A cohort study in China. Lipids in Health and Disease, 19(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12944-020-01324-5
Oktaviana, L., & Putri, M. (2017). Hubungan Rasio HDL / LDL dengan Kejadian Hipertensi di RSUD Al- Ihsan Bandung The Correlation between Ratio HDL / LDL and Hypertension in Al-Ihsan Hospital. 43, 326–332.
PERKENI. (2019). Pedoman Pengelolaan Dislipidemi di Indonesia 2019. PB. Perkeni, 9.
Purba, K. J., Tjiptaningrum, A., & Mustofa, S. (2023). Gambaran profil lipid pasien infark miokardium akut di RSUD DR. H. Abdul Moeloek Lampung tahun 2021. Medula, 13(1), 151–157.
Putri, N. N., Islam, M. S., & Subadi, I. (2018). Comparison of Acute Ischemic Stroke Functional Outcome in Smokers and Nonsmokers Measured By Canadian Neurological Scale (Cns) and Nihss. MNJ (Malang Neurology Journal), 4(2), 65–71. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.mnj.2018.004.02.4
Sherina, M. W., Khotimah, S., & Furqon, M. (2021). Hubungan Rasio Kolesterol Ldl/Hdl Terhadap Kejadian Sindrom Koroner Akut Pada Pasien Rsud Abdul Wahab Sjahranie Samarinda. Jurnal Verdure, 3(2), 49–56.
Sun, T., et al. (2022). Predictive value of LDL/HDL ratio in coronary atherosclerotic heart disease. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 22(1), 1-11.
Utama, F. W., Herawati, S., & Wande, I. N. (2021). Gambaran rasio profil lipid pada pasien penyakit jantung koroner di rsup sanglah periode januari-juni 2018. Jurnal Medika Udayana, 10(4), 23–28.
WHO. (2019). WHO updates Cardiovascular Risk Charts. Departmental News. https://www.who.int/news/item/02-09-2019-who-updates-cardiovascular-risk-charts
Wu, T. T., Gao, Y., Zheng, Y. Y., Ma, Y. T., & Xie, X. (2018). Atherogenic index of plasma (AIP): A novel predictive indicator for the coronary artery disease in postmenopausal women. Lipids in Health and Disease, 17(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12944-018-0828-z
Yonata, A., & Pratama, A. S. P. (2016). Hipertensi sebagai Faktor Pencetus Terjadinya Stroke. Jurnal Majority, 5(3), 17–21. http://juke.kedokteran.unila.ac.id/index.php/majority/article/view/1030.
Copyright (c) 2023 Venny Patricia, Nining Kurniati, Citra Trisna, Nana Munawar
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases Prevention and Control applies the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY) License, or other comparable licenses that allow free and unrestricted use to articles we publish. If you submit your manuscript for publication by the Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases Prevention and Control, you agree to have the CC BY license applied to your work. If your institution or funder requires your work or materials to be published under a different license or dedicated to the public domain - for example, Creative Commons 1.0 Universal (CC0) or Open Governmental License - this is permitted for those licenses where the terms are equivalent to or more permissive than CC BY.